Data Interface - Virtual Instrumentation, Device Networking.

Tuesday, August 16, 2016

Aaronia AG - RF and MW Equipment

Aaronia Designs and Manufactures measuring equipment and develops technologies in frequency measurement, robotics as well as EMI/RFI screening/shielding.

Aaronia AG -  RF and MW Equipment

They Specialize in the design of precise high-frequency measurement devices and autonomic robotics-systems.

The SPECTRAN XFR V5 PRO is a portable Real-Time Spectrum Anaylzer, designed to capture even shortest signal transmissions. It´s scanning speed and recording time is without competition, the Analyzer scans 20GHz in less than 20mS making it the world´s fastest counter-surveillance receiver.

Real-Time Outdoor Spectrum Analyzer Spectran

Several helpful features allow a deep investigation of the Real-Time measurement or recorded data, e.g. a 3D Spectrogram view which displays a signal like newer seen before.

Real-Time Outdoor Spectrum Analyzer Spectran

Aaronia AG
Gewerbegebiet Aaronia AG, DE-54597 Euscheid, Germany.

Monday, August 15, 2016

WIMAX Forum - Broadband Wireless Web

With mobile WiMAX, you'll have on-the-go broadband Internet and access to data-intensive applications, like online multimedia, video downloads, mobile TV, and streaming music.

WIMAX Forum - Broadband Wireless Web

From Wi-Fi and WIMAX - Wireless Ethernet

"The ultimate goal of the WiMAX Forum is to promote and accelerate the introduction of cost-effective broadband wireless access services into the marketplace..."

Mini-Circuits RF-IF Designers Guide -  A global leader in RF, IF, and microwave signal processing products.

IEEE 802.16 WirelessMAN The IEEE 802.16 Working Group on Broadband Wireless Access Standards

The IEEE 802.16 Working Group on Broadband Wireless Access Standards develops standards and recommended practices to support the development and deployment of broadband Wireless Metropolitan Area Networks. IEEE 802.16 is a unit of the IEEE 802 LAN/MAN Standards Committee.

Wireless LAN Association

Non-profit consortium of wireless networking vendors established to educate the market place about wireless networking products, trends and applications.
  • CWNP Learning Center
  • Wireless LAN in your home
  • Small businesses - Wireless networks

Friday, August 05, 2016

Semtech Corporation - Analog and Mixed Signal

Semiconductor Solutions for a wide range of Applications, from Networking & Communications and Consumer Electronics like Smartphones, Digital Camera, HDTV and Devices like Netbooks and Set Top Box. They also manufacture High Rel Discrete Semiconductors.

Semtech Corporation - Analog and Mixed Signal

The Communication Chips are used in Wireless LAN Modems, Satellite Communication, Cellular Infrastructure, Optical Transport and Datacenters.

The SX1243 is an ultra-low-cost, fully integrated FSK or OOK transmitter suitable for operation between 310 and 450 MHz, 860 and 870 MHz, as well as 902 and 928 MHz.

Semtech SX1243
It contains a frequency synthesizer which is a fractional-N sigma-delta PLL. For frequency modulation (FSK), the modulation is made inside the PLL bandwidth. For amplitude modulation (OOK), the modulation is performed by turning on and off the output PA.

The frequency reference used by the PLL is generated by a 22, 24 or 26 MHz crystal oscillator, depending on the frequency band of interest.

The Power Amplifier (PA), connected to the RFOUT pin, can deliver 0 dBm or +10 dBm in a 50 Ω load. Each of these two output powers need a specific matching network when efficiency needs to be optimized.

Semtech SX1243  - Low cost, low current +10dBm RF Transmitter, 310-928MHz

Founded 1960, Corporate headquarters in Camarillo, California.

Semtech Corporation 
200 Flynn Road, Camarillo, CA 93012, United States

Saturday, July 09, 2016

Facts of EMI and RFI from the Inside

Electromagnetic interference (or EMI, also called radio-frequency interference or RFI when in radio frequency) is disturbance that affects an electrical circuit due to either electromagnetic induction or electromagnetic radiation emitted from an external source.
 
Electromagnetic interference Wiki

Vertical polarized VHF- UHF biconical antenna

Vertical polarized VHF- UHF biconical antenna
170 – 1100 MHz with omni directional H-plane pattern

Who would know better about Radio Frequency Interference and ElectroMagnetic Interference more than the Hams or Amateur Radio Community.

If they have to communicate effectively using limited resources, they have to deal with EMI/RFI effectively, While they build their equipment or combat Noise from other Machines and Installations nearby.

EMI RFI Mains Filters

This problem needs more practical involvement and experimentation to learn, compared to learning something like Digital Electronics.

Equipment and Electricals like SMPS, AC/DC Drives, Motors, Solenoids and CFL Lamps are to be built/reinforced for low EMI/RFI emission/radiation.

Sensitive Medical Equipment like ECG or even a Aircraft can be seriously affected by Noise.

Radio Frequency Interference (RFI)

Friday, July 08, 2016

Reference Charts RF µWave Communications - Anritsu

These charts provide Band Designation, RF Measurements Conversion Tables, RF Spectrum Bands, RF Connector Comparison Tables, S-Paramaters, the Electromagnetic Spectrum, Waveguide Designation, Power to Voltage Conversion,

Others are Spectrum Analyzer Conversion Factors, SWR ñ Reflection Coefficient ñ Return Loss, Power Measurements, Amplitude Modulation, Pulse Modulation, Frequency Modulation, and Bessel Functions. From - Anritsu

Reference Charts RF µWave Communications - Anritsu

Reference Charts for RF & µWave Communications - Anritsu

"Conversion tables for return loss, reflection coefficicient, and SWR with values for interaction of a small phasor (utility reference) expressed in dB related to the reference.

In microwave circuit design S-parameters are very useful for the full characterisation of any 2 port network. In contrast to z,y and h-parameters, which require broadband short circuited and open circuited connections at the TEST ITEM for the measurement,

S-parameters are determined with input and output terminated with the resistive characteristic impedance of test systems (generally 50 ohms in a coaxial line system). Parasitic oscillations in active devices are minimised when these devices are terminated in resistive loads."

Tuesday, July 05, 2016

Data, Media and Telecommunications Standards

Wireless Communications now have voice, data, media. It has capability of the Internet, making a portable device part of the World Wide Web. There are companies and institutions that are making this utopia of a connected world possible with the systematic approach.

The Communications Network

Now with IoT, WSN and M2M a complexity arises. Robots, Drones, Automobiles and Machines have wireless connectivity with an IP address or a Phone Number. All this is possible when we think of technologies more like Wi-Fi and WiMax merging with mobile-cellular systems. We have to abandon the Towers and go for Modular Daisy Chain of Repeaters on Street Poles and Fiber Optic Nodes. Maybe like these folks say LightRadio Antenna Module

ETSI - European Telecommunications Standards - ETSI produces globally-applicable standards for Information and Communications Technologies (ICT). Includes - Fixed, mobile, radio, converged, broadcast and internet technologies.

ITU-T - Infocommunications Standards - "ITU-T Recommendations are defining elements in information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructure. Whether we exchange voice, data or video messages, communications cannot take place without standards linking the sender and the receiver. See " Telecommunication Standardization Bureau" TSB

CDG - 3G Wireless CDMA Development - "The CDMA Development Group (CDG), founded in December 1993, is an international consortium of companies who have joined together to lead the adoption and evolution of 3G CDMA wireless systems around the world." See also CDMA Technology

3GPP - Mobile Broadband Standard - "The original scope of 3GPP was to produce Technical Specifications and Technical Reports for a 3G Mobile System based on evolved GSM core networks …" Global System for Mobile communication (GSM), GPRS and EDGE.

IEEE - Broadband Wireless Access Standards - "The IEEE 802.16 Working Group on Broadband Wireless Access is creating the IEEE 802.16 family of WirelessMAN Standards for Wireless Metropolitan Area Networks."

Sunday, June 12, 2016

RF Microwave and Wireless Data Communication

The days of Voice Communication are coming to an end. In fact it has been happening in the background all along. It is Digital Replacing Analog Everywhere. Voice is now data. In the future Voice Communication is just an App you need to buy as an option.

Whatever the struggle between technologies, The future communications will be just Broadband Wireless Devices with Voice, Data and Web all in one. The intermediate technologies we see today, the Transitional Technologies are part of a Large Learning Curve. The future may be more of Optics, WiMax and more like Any Device can do Anything. Not Convergence but more an Intermeshed Collage.

RF Microwave and Wireless Data Communication

This RF is also a Tough Science and needs Authentic and Highly Skilled Engineers to design and develop the technologies for the future. The Budget of the Average consumer will be less, the appetite enormous. The Business Models complex and very challenging. The customer potential is 100% and it will work only if it is affordable and planned carefully. It is not as easy as it looks.

Read and Learn More -

Time and Frequency Circuits and Articles including frequency synthesis and conversion.Spreadsheets/ Programs to calculate pll response, phase noise under vibration, and others.Wenzel Associates Technical Library

Resources for Radio, Radar, RF, Microwave, & Wireless Engineering. Collection of links to various application notes for different RF Vendors. Links to RF equations, technical data sheets, math notes and much more. RF Cafe - Microwave & Wireless Engineering

Cellular and PCS phones, pagers and two-way radios, radio spectrum. Wireless Telecommunications FCC

"The IEEE WCET certification shows that the individual has demonstrated mastery of the internationally recognized body of wireless communication knowledge…" IEEE WCET - Wireless Communications

RF chips, white papers, FCC, a variety of specialty books on various wireless/ spread spectrum / RF areas, and a wide range of other information.Spread Spectrum Scene Online

A collection of exceptional resources that will prove useful in your spread spectrum and other wireless projects, ranging from spread spectrum & CDMA tutorials, theory, and circuit diagrams, to development tools, OEM products, and consultants. Spread Spectrum and RF Resources

More Reading
With the Wi-Fi and WiMAX becoming essential in Intranet and Internet Networks, and as new low power consumption tablets, netbooks and webbooks become commonplace; RF Microwave learning is important for designers.

It is almost like, every person is a potential user for a Handheld Computer. Which is not only a communicator but more important, News, Knowledge and Information is at his fingertips. This is an empowerment that makes a better worker, student, citizen or a businessman.

Anantha Narayan delabs